- How to use System Preferences settings on a Mac
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Here's how. Open one of the applications you want to always be in the dock, and right click on its dock icon.
How to use System Preferences settings on a Mac
You will do these steps for each app you want to keep in the dock. In the terminal window type: defaults write com. Fortunately there are plenty of free antivirus programs that actually zap a wide range of malware and tracking exploits, without putting much strain on your system. Related: How to wrangle your passwords without going crazy. A Standard account, in contrast, requires you to enter your username and password for app installs or other OS changes, preventing malware from slipping by.
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By Sean Captain 6 minute Read. Change the look and feel Change screen magnification and text size macOS can pack a lot onto a high-resolution screen. Use Scaled Resolution to pack more or less detail onto the screen. Decide which are worth your attention. You may find Dark Mode left and Night Shift right to be easier on the eyes. The show Desktop hot corner may be the single macOS feature I use the most.
See at an instant what apps are running and switch quickly between them. You can quickly spiff up photos with the Preview app. With awareness of places and now people, Reminders has become a mini personal assistant. Though not perfect, dictation improves the more you use it.
Notes has evolved into an AI-enabled multimedia manager. Find out what program is slowing your system to a crawl with Activity Monitor. Avast is a lightweight, effective, and free malware scanner. Decide which programs—if any—can know where you are. For other screen savers, you'll get a Screen Saver Options button that when clicked provides in-context settings for that particular screen saver. For example, Apple's own Flurry enables you to adjust how many streams of colour appear on the screen, how thick they are, and how fast they move.
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To the bottom-right of the pane is a Hot Corners … button. The options are shared with Mission Control and provide the means to trigger various macOS functions when you move the cursor into a screen corner. The first option is Start Screen Saver, and is a very quick means of activating the screen saver. It's also possible to install third-party screen savers.
Once installed, these appear below the built-in options. If you later decide you want to delete a screen saver, Control-click it and select Delete. Many of the Dock's preferences can be adjusted by Control-clicking the thin line that divides apps and folders and choosing from the various options.
faygeotirebge.cf However, the Dock pane in System Preferences is worth exploring, because it provides a very clear visual overview of all your Dock's settings. Size and Magnification determine the size of the Dock icons and how much they expand when the cursor is over them. Magnification is best used when you've so many Dock icons that they're not easy to pick out unless zoomed; if you don't like the effect, you can disable magnification entirely. Position on screen determines the screen edge the Dock sits on. Under OS X Mavericks, the Dock displayed as a flat rectangle at the left or right edge, and as a metal shelf at the bottom of the screen.
The Minimize windows using menu provides two effects for when windows are minimised to the Dock: Genie and Scale. The former appears to 'suck' the window into position, whereas the latter is a much simpler zoom that's less taxing on older Macs and also a lot faster. Read: 12 Tips for using the Mac Dock. The 'Prefer tabs when opening documents' menu enables you to state whether new documents should always open in tabs, open in tabs only when an app is in Full Screen mode, or only open in tabs manually the default.
Note that not all apps are compatible with tabs. Those that aren't ignore this setting. The remaining options adjust various behaviours of the Dock: Double-click a window's title bar to The Mission Control pane is the place for adjusting how Apple's window overview works. In this screen, you can also create multiple desktops which Apple refers to as 'Spaces' that you can switch between.
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The second option when active automatically switches you to a space with an open window for an app when the app itself is switched to. The next two options set whether windows are grouped by application turn that on and Mission Control groups app windows alongside the app';s icon , and whether displays have separate spaces. With the latter option active, distinct workspaces can be created for each of your displays. Apple also notes that should you at any point need to have a single app window span multiple displays, you should turn off Displays have multiple Spaces.
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Finally, the Dashboard menu enables you to set Apple's 'widgets' screen as a space, as an overlay, or turn it off entirely. As an overlay, you'll need to click the Dashboard app icon or use a keyboard shortcut - F12 by default - to activate it. Note that much of Dashboard's functionality now exists within Notification Center's Today view, so see if that works for you before turning Dashboard back on.
The second section, titled Keyboard and Mouse shortcuts, provides a centralised area to define shortcuts for activating Mission Control and the 'Application Windows' feature which shows only the windows of the currently active app , and showing the Desktop or Dashboard. For any keyboard shortcut, you can define a function key or a modifier a specific Shift, Control, Option or Command key , although the latter option isn't usually a good idea, because it makes the chosen modifier unavailable elsewhere. Finally, The Hot Corners button has been mentioned previously in our overview of System Preferences, and it works identically here - any one of the four screen corners can be used as a trigger for Mission Control, 'Application Windows', showing the Desktop, or opening Dashboard among other commands, such as showing Notification Center or Launchpad.
Reverting any of the menus to the '-' option deactivates the hot corner entirely. This pane controls the language shown in menus and dialog boxes, and the formatting of dates, times and currencies. It will by default use the language you stated you wanted to use when you set up your Mac, along with the most appropriate formatting for your location. On adding a new language, macOS will ask whether you want to use it as your primary language. If you confirm this is the case, it will be moved to the top of the list, and dialog boxes will change to the selected new language.
The addition of a new language will also add a 'List sort order' menu, which you can use to adjust how names are sorted in Finder, if a language offers an order other than the Universal default. Some other aspects of macOS may require you to logout and login for changes to fully take effect.
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To the right of the Preferred Languages list, you can update your region setting using the Region menu. If you change it for example, switching between United Kingdom and United States , you'll see how other settings are automatically updated to match the region's conventions. Should you want to, specific elements can be overridden, using the menus: the first day of the week, the calendar used, and whether the time format is hour; and whether the temperature is displayed in Celsius or Fahrenheit.
Any elements adjusted here may impact on apps elsewhere in macOS although some apps also have their own internal settings for certain things, and so you cannot rely on your System Preferences changes to always filter through. The two buttons at the bottom of the window are Keyboard Preferences and Advanced. Keyboard Preferences takes you to the Input Sources tab within the Keyboard System Preferences pane, where you can define keyboard types for your machine for example, adding one that's more suited to a particular language you often work in.
Advanced opens a sheet that provides the means for editing a number of more detailed display options for your chosen region. For the most part, these settings should be left alone, but if you have very specific set-up needs, they're worth investigating. Under General, you can change the format language for dates, times and numbers, and the number separators used for grouping and decimals. English uses, respectively, a comma and period for grouping and decimals for example, 1, The Dates and Times tabs both offer a set of fields where you can drag individual date or time elements to design custom formatting.
Be aware that changes made here can impact on apps throughout the system, and making major adjustments can have unintended consequences. If you decide you'd like to return to OS X's system defaults, go back into the relevant tab and click Restore Defaults which is initially greyed out, but becomes a clickable button when any changes are made. At any point, when you return to the System Preferences pane, you'll see a brief overview of your settings under the Temperature or List sort order menu, depending on whether you have the latter visible.
However, it's crucial to understand the settings within, especially when you work with apps that require control over your computer, or if your Mac happens to be in a fairly open or public environment. The first tab is General. The settings here are broadly split into two sections, the first dealing with logins and the second with the ability to install downloaded apps.
You can use the Change Password button to alter the password for the currently logged-in user. Click the button and you access a sheet, into which you type the old password, then the new one and a recovery hint; clicking 'Change Password' confirms. Note that should you be using an iCloud password to login on versions of OS X that allow this macOS Sierra does not , you'll get a dialog that gives you options to use a separate password, cancel, or change your iCloud password.
The three checkboxes are designed to secure your computer during your absence. The first when ticked makes it so your login password is required to exit sleep or the screen saver; the time limit can be set to one of seven pre-set values, including 'immediately' and the likes of '5 seconds', to ensure you aren't forced to input your password if you accidentally trigger the screen saver yourself.
Note that if you later disable this option, your Mac will warn you and ask whether you want to carry on using iCloud Keychain. The next checkbox enables you to add a message to the lock screen for anyone who tries to login while the screen saver's running. The third checkbox enables you to disable automatic login, and requires you to define a default account for the Mac, along with inputting the relevant password. Read: Best Mac antivirus software. The second section within the pane determines what types of app the user can download and install.
This defaults to App Store and identified developers ; leave the setting alone unless you've compelling reasons to change it - for example, installing a very trustworthy app that just happens to not have been released by an identified developer. Under such circumstances in OS X El Capitan, change the setting to ' Anywhere ' and then back again post-install, for best security. As of macOS Sierra, the Anywhere option is absent. However, you can launch unsigned apps in Finder by Control-clicking them and choosing Open.
The next tab is FileVault. This automatically encrypts your data - in fact, it encrypts the entire volume.